Automatic Data Processing (ADP) is the largest global provider of payroll outsourcing services and has over 570,000 clients worldwide. ADP also provides outsourcing services for human resources, tax filing, and benefits administration. ADP is divided into two main business segments, 1) employer services which focuses on payroll, human resource, benefits administration, time and attendance, and tax filing and reporting services. 2) Dealer services which focuses on transaction systems, data products and professional services to automobile and truck dealers and manufacturers. In 2006 ADP sold off it’s claims processing unit and in 2007 it spun off it’s brokerage services unit in order to focus more on its core business.
Automatic Data Processing Basic Company Stats
- Ticker Symbol: ADP
- PE Ratio: 21.5
- Yield: 2.8%
- % above 52 week low: 93.1%
- Beta: 0.7
- Market cap: $29.6 B
- Website: www.adp.com
ADP vs the S&P500 over 10 years
ADP has roughly paralleled the S&P500 for the last decade. By the end of 2012 an investment in ADP would have increased by about 100% compared to about 78% for the S&P500 as a whole.
ADP Earnings Per Share (EPS) & Dividend Growth
- 5 year EPS growth: 6.4%
- 10 year EPS growth: 5.9%
- 5 year dividend growth: 9.0%
- 10 year dividend growth: 13.9%
EPS for Automatic Data Processing have been rising steadily at around 6%. Similarly, ADP’s dividends have also been rising, but much faster. Currently it appears that dividend growth is slowing down a bit and may be flattening out around 7%. The 10 year dividend growth rate was 13.9%, the 5 year growth rate as 9.0%, the 3 year growth rate as 7.2%, and the one year growth rate is 7.9%. Given that dividend growth can’t exceed EPS growth forever, this trend makes sense.
With a starting yield of 2.9% and a growth rate of about 7.5%, ADP’s yield on cost will grow to about 7-8% in 10 years. In order to double the dividend, using the rule of 72, it will take approximately 10 years.
ADP Payout Ratio
ADP’s payout ratio has been steadily rising over time and is currently below 60%. The average payout ratio over the last 10 years was 46%. For the last three years the payout ratio has been hovering around 56%. I consider this acceptable, but would prefer it to be lower.
ADP Cash Flow Per Share and Revenue
- 10 year revenue growth (2003-2012): 4.5%
- 5 year revenue growth (2008-2012): 5.0%
- 3 year revenue growth (2010-2012): 9.7%
ADP has consistently produced positive and gradually increasing cash flow per share over the last 10 years. Revenue growth also remains strong and appears to be accelerating. If revenue and thus earnings continue to accelerate, it is possible that dividend growth may pick up again.
The cash flow spike in 2006 was the result of the sale of ADP’s claims services business.
ADP Balance Sheet
The current debt to equity ratio of ADP is 30%, which is about on par with other equities (~40%). ADP appears to have been aggressively paying off it’s debts over the last decade as the debt to equity ratio was 150% back in 2003. I consider this an encouraging sign.
ADP currently has a solid hold on the payroll outsourcing marketplace. However, it should be noted that new companies are trying to enter this field, thus increasing competition.
As businesses continue the trend of outsourcing, I suspect that ADP will continue to be a major player in its field.
ADP Valuation Panel
The Graham number represents one very simple way to value a stock. The Graham number for ADP is $28.93. The current stock price is well above that, suggesting that ADP may be overvalued at the moment.
Two Stage Dividend Discount Model
Using a risk free rate of 2%, an expected return of 10% and the beta of 0.7, the CAPM model provides a discount rate of 15.6%. Using an initial growth rate of 7.5% for 5 years and a slower growth rate of 7%, the two stage model produced a value of $21.23. I also tried this model with a discount rate of 10% and got $58.07.
Gordon Growth Model
Since the dividend growth rate is flattening out around 7%, the average dividend growth rate of the dividend champions, I decided to try the Gordon growth model with both the 15.6% discount rate and a 10% discount rate. This model returned values of $19.78 and $59.34 respectively.
I feel that the simple one stage model is the best way to value ADP. However, the choice of discount rate heavily affects just how overvalued ADP appears to be. But all the models tested do agree that ADP is overvalued at present.
ADP Cash Secured Puts
ADP is a bit too overvalued at this time to sell long-term puts against it.
Overall, I like ADP as a company, but feel that it is slightly overvalued at present. I would consider initiating a position if the price drops enough for the PE ratio to go below 20.
Disclosure: Nothing to disclose
Readers: What are your opinions about Automatic Data Processing?